Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease. It is caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on your teeth. If plaque is not removed, it can harden into tartar, which can irritate your gums and cause them to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. Gingivitis is a very common condition, affecting up to 90% of adults at some point in their lives.
When the health of your gums and the regions of your jaw bone that hold your teeth in place are compromised, periodontal therapy is required. Proper periodontal treatment and maintenance are essential for keeping your teeth.
Periodontics is a branch of dentistry that focuses on the gums and other tooth-supporting tissues. While most general dentists are trained to diagnose and treat minor periodontal disease (gum disease), more complex or severe cases are referred to a periodontist, who has extra training and experience in periodontics treatments.
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